Christmas Special: The Temperature at the North Pole

Christmas is coming up, and millions of children around the world want to know: How cold is it really at the North Pole, where Santa Claus reportedly resides?

First off, where do we get the temperature from? The North Pole Environmental Observatory (NPEO) is operating floating bouys in the Arctic region and publishes temperature data on that page. The idea is to have a VBA macro that loads the page content and looks for temperature for a given buoy.

You can find the macro below. Here is a short description of the VBA code

  • First, it creates a HTTP object. HTTP objects can be used to obtain content online, in this case the NPEO's web page. In fact, the whole page's HTML code will be downloaded and stored in a string that we can handle.
  • The code then searches for the temperature information in that string. The NPEO publishes temperature data in Celsius; the macro also converts it to Fahrenheit, so that we have both. The conversion formula can be found on the Wikipedia page.
  • A message box then shows the temperature to the user.

...and that's already all you need. The tricky part is that the code relies on having the buoys name/code as a hard value. For a long time, as still included in the VBA code, the buoy closest to the North Pole was EUMETNET ICEB Buoy 409520. Later, one had to go for IABP PAWS Buoy 975420. Check the page and adjust the code accordingly.

Happy Holidays!


Sub GetNorthPoleWeather()
' Retrieves the temperature of the EUMETNET ICEB Buoy 409520.
' This buoy is floating close to, but not necessarily directly at the actual North Pole.
' Data is retrieved from

    Dim strURL As String, strHTTPResponse As String, strBufC As String, strBufF As String
    Dim iPos1 As Integer, iPos2 As Integer, iLength As Integer
    ' Create the HTTP object and send the request so we can retrieve the web page with the information we need.
    Set objHTTP = CreateObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP")
    strURL = ""
    objHTTP.Open "GET", strURL, False
    strHTTPResponse = objHTTP.responseText ' store the HTTP response
    ' Use Mid and InStr to only look at the relevant part of the response, i.e. after the text "EUMETNET ICEB Buoy 409520".
    ' (A more elegant, but more complex way to solve this would be regular expressions. We will go for the simple way.)
    iPos1 = InStr(1, strHTTPResponse, "EUMETNET ICEB Buoy 409520")
    strBufC = Mid(strHTTPResponse, iPos1)
    ' In the remaining string, the temperature value is between "°C " on the right and the first ";" to the left of that.
    ' We will set iPos1 and iPos2 to cover that section.
    iPos2 = InStr(1, strBufC, "°C ")
    iPos1 = InStrRev(strBufC, ";", iPos2) + 1
    strBufC = Mid(strBufC, iPos1, (iPos2 - iPos1)) ' strBuf is now only the temperature value
    ' Finally, convert the Celsius value to Fahrenheit, so we can show both
    strBufF = Format(CelsiusToFahrenheit(CDbl(strBufC)), "#.0")
    ' Set the text of the shape to show the current temperature
    Sheets("Calendar").Shapes("tb_Temperature").TextFrame.Characters.Text = strBufC & " °C" & vbNewLine & strBufF & " °F"

End Sub

Sub ShowWeatherInfo()
End Sub

Private Function CelsiusToFahrenheit(dCelsius As Double) As Double
    CelsiusToFahrenheit = (dCelsius * 1.8) + 32
End Function


Organising Sheet Tabs in Your Excel Model

In theory, a model consisting of only a few sheets would be neat. In practice, 50 or more sheets are normal. In order to maintain usability, you should organise your sheet tabs:
  • Sort sheets by categories and sub-categories
  • Use sensible sheet names (a "nomenclature", if you will):
    • Use names that refer to the categories and sub-categories, most commonly as a pre-fix
    • Use additions like "monthly", "quarterly", "annual" for different time period lengths
  • Use colours that refer to the categories and sub-categories
  • Use index sheets for each category: In this article, the importance of a table of contents and a "cockpit" is explained. If your model exceeds 50 sheets, just one index sheet with hyperlinks is not enough. Additionally, you should add index sheets for each category/section, always to the left of the respective sheets. That will greatly increase usability.
Excel: Sheet Tabs
Excel: Sheet Tabs

Some practitioners tend to hide sheets - for example, if they feel they are too technical and do not want the users of the model to be confused or to mess with any settings. You should never do that! If someone else is trying to follow calculations - be it your user, or perhaps a colleague assisting you - hidden sheets will only lead to confusion. Or you may forget to remove sheets that were formerly important but were rendered useless by some model changes.

So, instead of hiding sheets that are still needed, just put them to the far right, clearly label them as auxiliary calculations or similar and, if needed, protect them:

  1. Right-click on a sheet tab and choose "Protect sheet..."
    Excel: Protect Sheet
  2. In the new dialogue, choose a password for protecting the sheet, and choose what users should and should not be able to do within the sheet.
    Excel: "Protect Sheet" Dialogue